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How Well Does Your Child Listen & Speak?

  • Startles to loud sounds
  • Recognizes familiar voices
  • Calms to familiar/friendly voices
  • Makes sounds that indicate pleasure (cooing)
  • Uses different cries for different needs
  • Smiles at familiar people
  • Looks in the direction of new sounds
  • Responds to music
  • Looks at the speaker’s face when spoken to
  • Vocalizes excitement and displeasure
  • Babbles using many different sounds, including /p/, /b/ and /m/
  • Laughs
  • Plays games like patty-cake and peek-a-boo
  • Responds to their name
  • Understands the meaning of a few words, like ‘mama’, ‘bye bye’ and ‘no’
  • Follows simple directions with gestures
  • Uses 1-2 words around their first birthday
  • Babbles long strings of consonants and vowels
  • Uses gestures to communicate, such as pointing, waving or reaching up to be held
  • Imitates different speech sounds
  • Points to a few body parts
  • Attends to simple stories, songs, or rhymes
  • Engages in appropriate play with toys, such as cars, balls, dolls, blocks and stuffed animals
  • Points to familiar objects when named
  • Uses at least 10 words meaningfully and adds more words every month
  • Produces at least 5 consonant sounds
  • Uses ‘no’ and ‘uh oh!’
  • Responds to songs by trying to sing along or talk
  • Follows simple two step commands
  • Performs simple actions when requested, such as: throw, run, jump, sit
  • Puts different actions together during play, like feeding, dressing, stirring, pouring
  • Comprehends 800-900 words
  • Uses 50 words meaningfully
  • Combines words to form short phrases, such as ‘my shoe’ or ‘mommy go’
  • Speech is understood by most familiar listeners
  • Answers simple questions
  • Answers yes/no questions
  • Understands simple size and color concepts
  • Answers simple ‘who’, ‘where’ and ‘what’ questions
  • Identifies simple actions in pictures
  • Speech is understood by most familiar and unfamiliar listeners
  • Combines 3-4 words to form phrases
  • Uses the consonants /b/, /p/, /m/, /n/, /d/, /t/, /h/ and /w/
  • Uses plurals and grammatical endings like –ing and -ed
  • Listens to and enjoys longer stories
  • Answers ‘why’ questions
  • Hears and understands most everything that is said to them
  • Uses descriptive concepts
  • Tell stories and stays on topic
  • Names letters and counts to 10
  • Communicates easily with familiar and unfamiliar adults and children
  • Uses the consonants /k/, /g/, /f/ and /v/
  • Attends to a story and answers questions
  • Understands words that involve sequencing and time, like ‘first’, ‘after’ and ‘tomorrow’
  • Follows three step commands
  • Understands rhyming words
  • Can tell first and last name
  • Uses adult-like grammar when talking
  • Uses posessives
  • Uses all speech sounds correctly with the exception of /l/ and /r/

This chart represents the age at which most children master these speech and language milestones. Just because your child has not mastered all the skills within a particular age range does not mean your child has a disorder. If you have questions about your child's speech and language development, contact us for a free screening.



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